Against trafficking of nigerian girls, is useful to know the vodun. This is an interesting article about it.
TRANSLATION OF “RIVER GODDESS”
AIUTA CON UN PICCOLO CONTRIBUTO:
1. Olokun……….. (EDO LANGUAGE)
2.1. Mmuo Mmili …….. (IGBO LANGUAGE)
2.2. Eze nwaanyi Mmili – (popularly called “Mami Wota) in by the riverine dwellers including the Igbos and some areas in Ghana).
3. Mindu ruwa ………. (GUOSA LANGUAGE)
4. Yemoja/Yemaja ……… (YORUBA)
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5. Ndem Mmo ………….. (EFIK/IBIBIO)
6. Allah kogi ……… (made up by me in the HAUSA LANGUAGE) because the word “goddess” does not really exist in the Hausa but “ALLAH” meaning “GOD”). I stand to be corrected on this.
7. Farr Ingmo ………… (GA LANGUAGE) IN GHANA
8. Olukun …………. (OKPE LANGUAGE, DELTA STATE OF NIGERIA) I would like to confirm the traditional Nigerian name(s) of the word “Sea Goddess” or “Sea God”
ALEX G. IGBINEWEKA The Azekazudo of Benin Kingdom; and Evolutionist. ********************************************************************
Dear Alex, Greetings.I just wish to correct the common mistake that Olokun is a goddess.Olokun in Benin mythology is son of Osanobua, husband of Ora and therefore male and a god.Thanks. DR. NOWA OMOIGUI
Brothers Osamwonyi and Uyi; and, Institute for Benin Studies,
1. In Edo language, “Okun” meant (Sea) There is no disbute about that.
2. “Ole” or “ol'” is an adjectival prefix meaning the “chief”, “pilot” “expert” “master” “leader” “ohen” etc. etc.
3. Definition (2) above did not specify the gender, therefore, the word “ole” may be used to refer to a man or a woman. You also have words such as “ol’ize” (Rice seller/dealer); “Ol’ibata” (Bata dealer) etc.
4. In the light of the above you might well say “ohen okun”. OKUN IS NOT GOD AND GOD IS NOT OKUN. OKUN SIMPLY MEANT (THE SEA, OCEAN OR BIG BODY OF WATERS” I am in a hurry and shall revisit this again to your understanding.Brother Hillary Evbayiro and others, kindly comment. Meanwhile, thanks a great deal for your contribution. From: “Alex Igbineweka” ***********************************************************
Olokun has always been described as one of Osalobua’s favorite child. Hence her worshipers pray and call to OSALOBUA VBE OLOKUN. as Christians call to Jesus Christ and God. Olokun has always been identified as the Goddess of the river. Olokun has always been worshipped by both men and women and her priest’s have always been both sexes most especially by women, and rarely do you see men worshiping olokun but usually attached her brother Ogun for protection or support. Hence the explanation from brother Alex referred to as female and institute of Benin studies as a male God. You are both correct. Olokun has always been identified as the beauty of the waters. Beautiful women have also been described as identical to Olokun. With names as simple as OLOKUN or OLOKUNOROBO. Her children have often been referred to as Igbakuan in Edo language or Ogbanje as called by other tribes. Some call mamiwater. ALL USUALLY BEAUTIFUL FEMALES,
Sister Tina, Yes, you are correct in your explanation but, both men, brother Alex and the man from institute of Benin studies cannot be correct, brother Alex is only the correct person here my dear. Olokun is a woman period. That and that is the very reason her brother ‘OGUN’ is always attached by her side for protection or support. Olokun is not ‘ABUM’ which can be referred to as male or female. In other for her not to stand alone by her self, A man had to stand by her,It is like Mr. and Mrs. or King and Queen. It had never never be Mr. and Mr. nor Mrs. and Mrs. unless may be the Oyibo way which is not our way. firstname.lastname@example.org ********************************************************
Dear Friloye The literature abounds with support for the position that Olokun can be either male (God) or female (Goddess) depending on the cultural context. Uyi is right from a historical point of view. Alex is also right because of the technically asexual (or sexually neutral) meaning of the word Olokun In original Benin mythology, yes, Olokun was (is) male, but then the deity got transplanted to Ife by Ekaladerhan and subsequently to Cuba during the middle period. In other parts of Yoruba land it was adopted by making Olokun the child of Yamoja. Depending on who you read Olokun has been referred to as either God or Goddess. Clearly the Olokun cult was very strong among Edo women, but way before that it was at a level that virtually made it State religion – tied into the most fundamental Edo notions of the creation of land and water. It is incredibly similar to the Greek myth of Poseidon – The brother of Zeus and God of the Sea A FEW SAMPLES: “The oldest son was given control of the waters by Osanobua. The Bini call this son, Olokun (meaning the god of the river). The other son was allowed freedom to use his magical powers to balance out the negative and positive forces of nature. He apparently represents evil and the Bini call him Ogiuwu (or Esu sometimes) meaning the harbinger of death. Ogiuwu is supposed to own the blood of all living things. In other words, no living thing can live forever. Osanobua then settled in the realm of the spirit world across the waters where the sky and the earth meet. While Osanobua and Olokun represent aspects of life such as good health, long life, good luck, prosperity and happiness to which man may apeal through ritual purity, Ogiuwu represents mourning, evil omen and diseases.” From [THE CORRECT HISTORY OF EDO, By NAIWU OSAHON] http://www.cwo.com/~lucumi/osahon.htm
“Pottery heads were made for shrines in the brass casters’ quarter; and life-size groups of royal figures in mud are still made for the cult of Olokun, divinity of the sea and of wealth.” From http://users.pandora.be/african-shop/tribe_info.htm “…..fish-legged figure tells two stories about Oba Ohen Oba Ohen, who ruled in the 1400s, was a very handsome man. After he broke a divine law, the gods paralyzed Ohen’s legs to punish him, according to one legend. A sick or weakened oba is considered dangerous, so Ohen hid his disability. His followers carried him into council chambers before other officials arrived; they carried him out after everyone had gone. Soon the senior town chief, or the Iyase, became suspicious. He hid behind a door and watched while Ohen was carried away. But Oba Ohen’s servants saw the Iyase. Ohen had him killed on the spot. The Edo were horrified by what Ohen had done. To kill the people’s representative, the Iyase, was a crime against all the Edo. The people stoned Ohen to death with lumps of purifying white clay. Ohen’s son Ewuare defended his father Years later, Ohen’s son Oba Ewuare gave the people a new explanation for why his father couldn’t walk. Ewuare said that the god Olokun had sent power, like the electrical charge of dangerous mudfish, into Ohen’s legs. Since then, the fish-legged figure has become the central symbol of Benin kingship. It reminds the Edo people that the Oba is divine; it also cautions the Oba not to overstep the limits of his powers.”
“For the Edo, who live in a tropical climate, coolness symbolizes all that is positive in life – purity, good luck, health and the watery world of the god Olokun. ”
“Fashek was actually born in Benin City, the heart of the Ancient Sini Kingdom, now in Bendel State of Nigeria – Africa’s most populous country. His mother is an Edo woman from Benin. and his father, a school principal, was a Yoruba man from Ilesha in Oyo State of Nigeria. After his father died when he was just 11 years old, Fashek’s mother, educated and very liberal for a traditional culture, became a businesswoman, supplying concrete to road contractors. Fashek’s family wanted him to become an engineer at first, but he had already succumbed to the spirit of music. From the beginning, his mother would bring him along to participate in ceremonies celebrating her traditional religion, where mainly women would play the Olokun rhythm used for worship of the goddess of the river. Playing the heavy rhythms and intricate syncopations on maracas, Fashek says he’d “bring down the spirits”.
http://www.waleoguns.itgo.com/majbio.html “OLOKUN, son of OSANOBUA, once challenged his father. A market place was set for the match. On the stipulated day, the father, OSANOBUA, sent a messenger to OLOKUN that he was ready. Surprisingly the messenger was in the same dress OLOKUN wore. It was a dress OLOKUM thought was the best to undo his father. He, therefore, went into his room to put on a more splendid one. But anytime he came out, he found the messenger in the exact dress he wore. Realizing that he could not even challenge his father’s messenger after several attempts, he gave up the challenge. The messenger was the chameleon.” – Bolaji Idowu ,Olodumare: God in Yoruba Belief, p. 45, cited in http://www.hypertextile.net/BLAKHUD/ind-reli/ind01.htm “In fact, the Yoruba and the Afro-Cuban Lukumi systems have fused several traditions found in Africa. Deities from Dahomey (Obaluaye, Nanu, Nana Buruku, etc.) and Benin (Olokun) are among them. In the case of the deity known as Olokun from Benin, John Mason documents that, ‘…in the 12th century A.D.., Prince Ekaladeran, the only son of Ogiso Owodo, was banished from Benin City by his father, and then founded the town of Ughoton, established an Olokun shrine for communal worship, and later introduced Olokun worship among the Yoruba. Ile Ife is the only city in Yorubaland where Olokun is actively worshipped’…; this, despite the fact that Orisas are known to come from many places throughout Yorubaland, Dahomey and Benin. In contrast, Olokun is widely accepted amongst the followers of Cuban Palo and Lukumi traditions, and is considered to be one of the most influential and respect deities. “Both the shrine sculpture and the sacred drums employed by the Lukumi in Cuba, when they worship Olokun, shows a direct link with the Edo of Benin” — John Mason, Orin Orisa, 1992 ” – from Respecting & Recognizing Established Afro-Cuban Traditions [http://www.palo.org/articles/kimbisa.html] Nowa ********************************************************************
You said: “The other son was allowed freedom to use his magical powers to balance out the negative and positive forces of nature. He apparently represents evil and the Bini call him Ogiuwu (or Esu sometimes).” Please get your facts right, this statement above belongs to the corrupted African mind through european education. Why must the Deity that BALANCE NEGATIVE AND POSITIVE FORCES OF NATURE be considered to represent evil? Esu for your information is the Minister of Justice in the kingdom of Olodumare. Esu has nothing to do with Judeo-Christian theology of Satan and/or Lucifer. The nearest things to Satan and Lucifer in Africa’s cosmology are the Warlords, (Ajoguns) such as Death, Sorrow, Paralysis, Imprisonment,Loses, Sickness and Trouble, Think about the kind of education you received from the colonial rogues. An African mind must be able to function independently. Please quit quoting John Mason next time when it comes to African tradition and culture. I would like you to quote some elders from your village. Thanks you. Olokun being transplanted to Ile-Ife from Edo Kingdom is another topic for discussion. May the so called elites of African be mindful of their true African heritage. Oladokun
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