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    Romania TIER Ranking: TIER 2 (TIP 2023)

    The Government of Romania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so.  The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared with the previous reporting period, considering the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, if any, on its anti-trafficking capacity; therefore Romania remained on Tier 2.  […] More

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    Prosecution of human trafficking in Romania (TIP 2023)

    The government decreased law enforcement efforts.  Articles 210 and 211 of the criminal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of three to 10 years’ imprisonment for crimes involving an adult victim and five to 10 years’ imprisonment for those involving a child.  These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to […] More

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    Protection against human trafficking in Romania (TIP 2023)

    The government slightly increased protection efforts.  In 2022, the government approved a new NRM for identifying and referring trafficking victims, which civil society and the Prime Minister’s Office jointly developed.  The NRM mandated specialized police, border guards, medical professionals, social workers, teachers, civil society, and other law enforcement bodies to proactively screen potential victims and […] More

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    Prevention of human trafficking in Romania (TIP 2023)

    The government increased prevention efforts.  During the reporting period, the government institutionalized its anti-trafficking committee, composed of government and civil society, under the Prime Minister’s Office, elevating the trafficking portfolio and mandating inclusion of civil society in a government committee.  The Department for Community Social Responsibility and Vulnerable Groups within the Prime Minister’s Office managed […] More

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    Protection against human trafficking in Romania (TIP 2019)

    The government decreased efforts to protect victims. Public officials and NGOs identified 497 victims in 2018, the lowest number of identified victims in more than a decade. Of these victims, 73 percent were female and 67 percent were victims of sex trafficking. As in past years, fewer than half of identified victims received assistance. Authorities […] More

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    Romania’ s trafficking profile (TIP 2019)

    As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Romania, and traffickers exploit victims from Romania abroad. Romania remains a primary source country for sex trafficking and labor trafficking victims in Europe. Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic […] More

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