How can one connect the Christian belief in the Holy Trinity and the belief in the unity of God? (D.1) 

How can one connect the Christian belief in the Holy Trinity and the belief in the unity of God, which is so clearly witnessed in the Old Testament, without getting tied up in contradictions?”

Answer: Please read Chap. 5, III, in the book carefully once more 1. Jesus himself grew up in his people’s belief in God. This belief was characterised by monotheism, the belief in the one God, which characterises the entire Old Testament. Jesus’s disciples, of whom 12 were made apostles, were naturally also monotheists. Christians know from the writings of the New Testament that Jesus did not announce himself only as a prophet. He claimed to act in the name of God and claimed that his actions (e.g. healing, waking the dead, forgiveness of sins) made God present. Moreover, Jesus said that in him God and his kingdom had come. The disciples, that is the first Christians, recognised in the power of the Holy Spirit that Jesus’s claims were not blasphemy, did not blaspheme the one God and did not attack the true teachings of God, but were the opposite: that God himself spoke in Jesus of Nazareth, God himself was present, in other words that Jesus was the Son of God. (See: Mt 16:13-20)Step by step the disciples, that is the first Christians, realised that the unity of God was to be understood in a new and deeper way. This is what we have tried to present in Chap 5 of the book.So, to give a brief answer: Yes. The belief in the Holy Trinity does not negate the belief in the one God but deepens and differentiates it. The teachings of the Christian church present an interpretation and a further development of the teachings of the Old Testament in the light of the events of Jesus’s life (his deeds and words, his suffering, death and resurrection) as well as in the light of Jesus’s teachings, as understood by the apostles and the early Christian community by the power of the Holy Spirit.

Passo dopo passo, i discepoli, cioè i primi cristiani, si resero conto che lunità di Dio doveva essere compresa in modo nuovo e più profondo. Questo è ciò che abbiamo cercato di presentare nel Cap. 5 del Libro.

Quindi, per dare una risposta in breve: Sì. La fede nella Santissima Trinità non nega la fede nellUnico Dio ma lapprofondisce e la differenzia. Gli insegnamenti della Chiesa cristiana presentano uninterpretazione e un ulteriore sviluppo degli insegnamenti dellAntico Testamento, alla luce degli eventi della vita di Gesù (le sue azioni e le sue parole, la sua sofferenza, la sua morte e la sua resurrezione) ed anche alla luce degli insegnamenti di Gesù, come compresi dagli apostoli e dalla primitiva comunità cristiana per opera dello Spirito Santo.

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P. Christian W. Troll SJ (30/4/22)

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