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    Prosecution of human trafficking in Italy (TIP 2023)

    The government maintained uneven law enforcement efforts.  Article 601 of the penal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of eight to 20 years’ imprisonment, which increased by one third to one half if the crime involved a child victim.  These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate […] More

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    Protection against human trafficking in Italy (TIP 2023)

    The government increased protection efforts.  The government identified 576 new victims in 2022, an increase compared with 493 in 2021 and 536 in 2020.  Of the victims identified, 313 were sex trafficking victims and 232 were labor trafficking victims, a number which included 214 victims of forced labor, seven victims of forced criminality, two victims […] More

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    Italy TIER Ranking: TIER 2 (TIP 2023)

    The Government of Italy does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so.  The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared with the previous reporting period, considering the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, if any, on its anti-trafficking capacity; therefore Italy remained on Tier 2.  […] More

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    Prevention of human trafficking in Italy (TIP 2023)

    The government increased prevention efforts.  The DEO, as coordinator of the interagency steering committee on trafficking, was responsible for drafting Italy’s first-ever NAP (for the period 2022-2025), coordinating programs for prevention and victim assistance, and submitting a biannual anti-trafficking report.  The committee met twice in 2022.  The government remained without a national rapporteur to provide […] More

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    Prosecution of human trafficking in Italy (TIP 2019)

    The government decreased law enforcement efforts. The 2003 Measures Against Trafficking in Persons law criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of 8 to 20 years’ imprisonment, which were sufficiently stringent and commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious offenses, such as rape. Article 600 of the penal code criminalized placing or holding […] More

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    Italy’s trafficking profile (TIP 2019)

    As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit foreign victims in Italy. Victims originate primarily from Nigeria and other African countries, China, and Eastern Europe. Italy has an estimated 1.5 million unregistered workers, who were particularly vulnerable to labor trafficking. Labor traffickers operate in agriculture, predominantly in southern Italy, and in construction, household […] More

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